Oftentimes, we don’t put much needed attention to our car’s brakes. After all, every time you step on the pedal, it just works fine. However, you need to understand that there are actually various braking parts working in harmony to keep you safe on the road. Below, you will know how exactly brakes operate and why it’s important to keep them properly maintained throughout your car’s life.
How Your Brakes Work
The majority of vehicles feature disc brakes, however, many older vehicles utilize drum brakes. If you have a vehicle with drum brakes, upgrading to a modern disc brake system is a great way to improve stopping power and reduce brake fade. Here’s how your brakes work: your foot presses a brake pedal which is connected to the brake master cylinder. Inside the master cylinder is a cylinder which forces a non-compressible fluid through the brake lines and to the brake calipers.
Inside the brake calipers, pistons force the brake pads to squeeze the rotor which creates a massive amount of friction and ultimately slows the vehicle down. Nearly every component in your braking system can be upgraded in some way. The most common upgrades are pads, rotors, and brake lines. If you want the best braking performance possible, upgrading to a big brake kit will offer significantly more performance than your OEM brakes.
Identifying Problems in Brake Parts
You can often detect a lot of problems in brake parts based on how your car responds during braking. When you feel a vibration, notice that your car doesn’t stop as fast as it's supposed to or hear a high-pitched squeaking when you slow down, then it’s a good indication that your brake parts need an inspection.
Some parts may require replacements. Brake pads, as we pointed out earlier, are typically the first components to get worn out. You can easily detect once they are worn out if you hear any screeching sound when stopping.